What is WWF?
WWF, the global conservation organization, is one of the largest non-governmental nature conservation organizations in the world. It was established in 1961 thanks to the enthusiasm of a small group of people concerned about nature. Over the course of its work, WWF has grown into a large influential conservation organization, and today the panda, our famous logo, is recognized by millions of people in the most remote corners of our planet.
WWF implements close to 2,000 projects annually in more than 100 countries around the world. Our main goal is saving nature while working with people. This is why representatives of indigenous peoples, business, other NGOs, government bodies, and, of course, our nearly 5 million members are among WWF’s many partners. Without them, our successes would not be possible.
Where and how does WWF work?
WWF specialists have determined more than 200 top priority ecological regions (the Global 200), which are the habitats of the Earth’s rarest plant and animal species. If ecological balance is maintained in these regions, it will be possible to protect 95% of the planet’s biological diversity. Having geographic priorities allows WWF to concentrate funding in these crucial regions. In Russia, there are 19 of these ecological regions, or ‘ecoregions’. Particularly valuable among them are the Amur River basin, Kamchatka, the Altai-Sayan, the Southern Urals, the Caucasus, the Barents Sea, the Bering Sea, and the Sea of Okhotsk.
There are more than 50 WWF offices around the world today. Our main programmes are aimed at preserving forests, seas, freshwater habitats, and rare flora and fauna species, as well as preventing global climate change and combating toxics. In Russia, WWF also devotes particular attention to work with the oil and gas industry and the creation and support of federal strict nature reserves (zapovedniks), national parks, and other specially protected nature areas.
Date Established: September 11, 1961
Annual number of projects: about 2,000
Number of national WWF organizations in different countries: 30
Number of members: approximately 5 million
WWF in Russia
WWF began its work in Russia in 1988, with a project to protect the nature of the Lower Volga. In 1989, WWF-Germany helped organize the first biological expedition to the Taimyr Peninsula, where Bolshoi Arktichesky Zapovednik, the largest strict nature reserve in Eurasia was created in 1993. The reserve, which covers more than 4 million hectares, is the size of Switzerland. WWF-Russia was established in 1994, and registered as a national organization in 2004 remaining a member of the WWF global organization. In just over ten years, more than 150 projects have been implemented. In order for our nature protection work to proceed more effectively, we opened offices in those regions that are most important for nature conservation and invited the best local specialists to collaborate with us. It is thanks to them that the nature conservation movement is going strong, and it is they who, in many regards, determine WWF’s success in Russia.
Date established: September 1, 1994
Annual number of projects: more than 100
Number of regional offices: 8
The Forest Programme – Conserving the biological diversity of Russian forests by adoption of systems that support their sustainable management and protection.
The Marine Programme – Promoting the sustainable use of marine resources and protecting marine plant and animal life.
The Climate Change Programme – Preventing climate change and developing mechanisms to adapt to its impacts.
Work with Protected Areas – Creating systems of protected nature areas (nature reserves, national parks, and others) that will guarantee the long-term conservation of biological diversity in priority ecoregions.
Endangered Species Conservation – Protecting animal species on the brink of extinction, including the Far eastern leopard, Amur tiger, European bison, Snow leopard, and Siberian white crane.
Programme on the ecological policies of the oil and gas sector. Its goal is to prevent and mitigate the negative impacts of oil and gas sector activity on Russia’s environment by increasing corporate environmental responsibility.
Conservation Policy. WWF advocates the creation and dissemination of mechanisms to make the Russian economy more environmentally sound, and also strives for increased environmental responsibility among companies working in Russia.
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