Forest and climate
The forests of the Far East play an important role in maintaining carbon balance of the planet. While growing forests mitigate climate change by absorbing and retaining large amounts of carbon dioxide, deforestation and fires release these volumes and contribute to the disruption of the global climate balance. For example, in some years logging and extensive forest fires led to emissions of such volumes of CO2 that they have exceeded even the «contribution» of the transport sector, one of the most «dirty» in terms of the amount of carbon dioxide emissions.
WWF Russia jointly with WWF Germany implemented a unique project aimed at mitigating climate change using the payment mechanism for ecosystem services. The project was supported by the Government of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety of Germany and the German Development Bank. As a result, a forest stand has been preserved, which is an important habitat for tigers, and local population has the opportunity to conduct traditional fishing.
About 460 thousand hectares of
This climate service was certified through the system of approval and verification of projects of the Kyoto Protocol. The Bikinsky project became the first and at the moment the only certified initiative on sustainable forest management within the framework of joint implementation projects. In 2011, the heads of Russia and Germany have signed a Memorandum of Understanding on assistance in the implementation of the project «Protection of virgin forests of Bikin River to reduce the impact of climate change (the Far East, Russia)».
In 2011, within the framework of the international climate initiative WWF has launched a new project to conserve all
In 2013, the first transaction of emission reduction units has been carried out, from the sell of which the «Tiger» community received funding of 17 million rubles. Over the next few years it is expected to receive about 50 million rubles. This project demonstrates that existing international financial mechanisms allow simultaneous protection and use of valuable forest resources.