More details on the project
It is worth explaining once more — what is the main difference of Econet — from the traditional network of protected areas. When the scheme of Econet is developed, it practically doesn’t include expansion of the area of zapovedniks — territories, completely withdrawn from the economical use. Some exceptions can be possible for comparatively
Their strict protection is very important on it’s own and — not less important — they ensure normal existence and development of the surrounding territories, which means — possibility of
A very important component of econet should be national (nature) parks. These are protected territories, the major part of which is open for visitors — organized and regulated, for sure — which allows deep involvement of local population into the nature conservation together with new forms of economical development, creates new working places, supports ecological education, etc. For many countries of the world the income, received from ecological tourism is one of the important parts of the country’s budget, as well as the family income of the local population. And it is difficult to overestimate the nature potential of Central Asia — it is really great and unique. And in combination with traditional benevolence and kindness of local people, with possibility to show extraordinary beautiful handicrafts, very tasty — and exotic for foreigners — cuisine — this form of development can appear to be really very promissing.
Econet is developed as a regional network. The main reason for that is that nature conservation and ecosystem development problems of some transboundary territories can’t by solved by any of the bordering countries alone. Vivid examples of that — Amudaria river valley, which secures common coordinated actions of all bordering countries. Another example — Ustyurt — where winter migrations of saiga to the south, and spring migrations back to the north — can be affected and disrupted by the border engineering systems — in case that needs of passages for saiga won’t be initially envisaged, planned, adjusted and built.
A Regional scheme of protected areas system, including ecological corridors and buffer zones, is designed basing on biodiversity database,
According to the decision of Interregional Sustainable Development Commission (ISDC), Econet (when finally designed) is supposed to be approved by all relevant Ministries of the countries of the region on national level, and by ISDC — on the regional level. It is integrated into the Regional Environmental Action Plan (REAP) as a major component which ensures biodiversity conservation, and this allows to integrate the biodiversity conservation in the contest of
All databases, GIS — as soon as finalized, and ECONET scheme would be accessible for all relevant Ministries/decision makers of the countries of the region, as well as NGOs. Now some information on the project is initially presented on the site of REC http://www.carec.kz/, database on legislation is presented on a special site http://www.