“The Amur Fish” Atlas has been published in Mongolia and Russia
The Amur Ecoregion occupies 2.4 million km² within Russia, China and Mongolia and is of global importance for the preservation of the biodiversity of the planet. The transboundary Amur River is among ten largest rivers in the world. It has its headwaters in the Khenty Mountain Range in north-eastern Mongolia, where the Onon River originates and after the confluence with the Ingoda River form the Shilka River. The Amur River itself is formed by the confluence of the Shilka and Argun rivers in Zabaikalsky province of Russia, running through the territory of Russia and China, it flows into the Pacific Ocean. The length of the Amur River is more than 4,400 km, and its watershed exceeds the Yangtze, the Yellow River (Huang He) and the Mekong.
The Amur River basin is located on the borderline of several biogeographic zones, and has one-of-a-kind ichthyofauna diversity among the rivers of Russia. It is home to 139 fish species including migratory salmon and kaluga - the largest sturgeon species in the world.
The variety of fish species within the Amur River basin in Russia, Mongolia and China is similar in many ways. Therefore, during the preparation of the Amur Fish book in Russia and the "Guide book to Mongolian fishes", much work has been done on data verification.
WWF-Mongolia jointly developed the Fish guidebook of Mongolia with ichthyologists from Institute of Geo-Ecology, Mongolian Academy of Science and Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Russian Academy of Science. In the guidebook, there are given a brief morphological description, biology, habitats, conservation status and distribution (range within Mongolia) of all species and sub species.
The release of “The Amur Fish” Atlas has become one of the important events in the Year of Salmon in the Amur-Heilong Ecoregion.
Both Russian and Mongolian publications can be used as an identification guide by a wide range of people. The information on the protection status and population size for all types of fish makes it useful for ecologists, ichthyologists, specialists in the field of biodiversity conservation and for fisheries specialists.