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Премия рунета 2017

The population of Red Listed Mongolian gazelle in Zabaikalsky province is estimated at 29,000

13 july 2020
Such are the results of the early summer count of the Mongolian gazelles (dzerens) to assess how many of them have stayed in the province before the breeding season. The work was done by Daursky and Sokhondinsky Nature Reserves, Zabaikalsky Wildlife Management Department with the support of WWF Russia.
The census was held simultaneously in Russia and Mongolia to estimate the overall number of dzerens for the first time over more than ten years. Mongolian gazelle is one of three dzeren species and one of the last mass migratory ungulate species in Eurasia.

The count was organized on June 10-16 in the areas with the highest density of antelopes in Zabaikalsky province, right before the mass birthing season. The rest of the territory with less dzeren concentrations was covered a bit later. 21,100 dzerens were counted in the most stable dzeren groups in Daursky Nature Reserve including its buffer zone and “The Valley of Dzerens” Wildlife Refuge. 3,300 animals were registered in Sokhondinsky Nature Reserve’s buffer zone.  About 2,350 individuals were counted on the left bank of the Onon River, and 2,200 on its right bank. The count was carried out by 7 ranger groups from both reserves and Zabaikalsky Wildlife Management Department. In Russia, the count covered the area of 25,000 sq. kilometers while in Mongolia more than 450,000 sq. kilometers.


Mongolian gazelle in Daursky Nature Reserve
Vadim Kiriliuk / Daursky NR
According to Anna Serdyuk, PhD, senior coordinator on protected areas at WWF Russia Amur branch, «Just as the tigers in Primorye, so the dzerens in Zabaikalsky province is an indicator of a safe environment and a very well-functioning system of nature protection that have been formed over the past decade. These implies establishing protected areas, anti-poaching activities, fighting grassland fires, and transboundary cooperation between Russia and Mongolia. Half a century ago, the antelope migrating in winter from Mongolia to Russian grasslands was almost extinct due to climate fluctuations. Only in 90-s, the situation started to change for the better. Thanks to the establishment of a network of protected areas and well organized persistent 20 years long work supported by WWF Russia, Mongolian gazelle population has been recovered in Russia”.
Mongolian gazelle
Vadim Kiriliuk
Over 20 years, WWF has been supporting nature reserves and regional authorities of Zabailalye to restore dzeren in Russia, to monitor and protect the population, and to create protected areas for this rare species. The next stage in the conservation of nature in general and Mongolian gazelle in particular is the creation of a transboundary protected area “The Sources of the Amur River”, which will unite the environmental efforts of Russia and Mongolia.
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Project Coordinator