International Year for the Salmon kicked off in the Amur Basin
A very important role of salmon species for humans, their huge habitat and long migrations complicate the salmon research and protection thus demanding joint conservation efforts of governments, grassroots, and science.
away, WWF Russia is running several projects on salmon conservation on the Kola
Peninsula, in Kamchatka, and in the Amur ecoregion.
While other countries of the Northern hemisphere restore the depleted salmon populations, in Russia the wild salmon is still a commercial catch. The Amur is the main river of the region and the richest with salmon in Eurasia. It boasts three Pacific salmon – chum, humpback and masu salmon – to spawn in its waters.
salmon of the Amur River basin face overfishing and poaching, logging along the
river banks, placer gold mining and other minerals extraction.
new threat for the valuable fish species comes from a federal decree which once
adopted by the Government will ten times reduce the area of spawn protective
forest zones. WWF Russia has appealed to Vladimir Putin and Valentina Matvienko
asking for a veto for this decree as it threatens the future of 50 million
hectares of forests and valuable fish species.
Another problem to be highlighted is that nowadays, the fishing research institutions forecast the salmon number based on the catch volumes without considering the data on the filling of spawning grounds. The information of the empty spawning sites was confirmed by an independent research done in Khabarovsky Province in the fall of 2018.
To support action in salmon conservation WWF Russia Amur branch has kicked off a public awareness campaign Free Salmon. The Coordination Council of Directors of Nature Reserves and National Parks of the Southern Primorye as well as the Amurskaya Coalition of NGOs have teamed up with WWF to protect wild salmon.
Year for the Salmon will start with a broad variety of events in all five Far
Eastern provinces of the Amur ecoregion like a Sino-Russian creativity contest
among kids, an interregional contest of guidance papers among secondary schools
teachers, celebration of the Day of the Salmon in May, summer camps,
environmental field shifts and expeditions, salmon marathon in
September-October. Also, the public monitoring of spawning grounds will