New threat to the Amur tigers
On July 31, 2019, dead domestic pigs were found in one of the farms located almost on the border with China. Animals were kept there against veterinary standards. This is the first case of the detecting African plague virus in the Russian Far East. In early September, 16 outbreaks have already been officially recorded from Primorsky to Amurskaya provinces. All episodes of the disease except one occurred on farms, and only one among the wild boar population.
This fact testifies, that the main distributors are domestic animals and the materials that are used in domestic pig farming. Wild boar is a “victim” in this situation.
The Primorsky Administration has approved a detailed comprehensive plan to eliminate the further spread of the virus throughout the region which is already being implemented.
In the quarantine zone, the transporting, purchase of pigs, and trade in pork are prohibited, except manufactured products; traffic police and veterinary control posts have been established. According to the Primorsky Administration press service, one of the outbreaks of the disease is localized.
For many years WWF Russia has been practicing methods for increasing the number of ungulate species alternative to wild boar such as sika deer and roe deer in the model hunting farms in Primorsky and Khabarovsky provinces. In the case of a serious drop in the wild boar number, our rare large cats, the tiger and leopard can switch to them. However, this measure is not enough. WWF Russia experts believe that it is necessary to elaborate a Strategy for hunting management development and introduce methods to increase alternative to wild boar species throughout the Amur tiger range. And this is only possible with support of the government and additional funding.