The area of Daursky Nature Reserve has almost doubled
The materials of a comprehensive environmental survey of new sites to upgrade their status to national level were prepared by specialists of Daursky Nature Reserve with the assistance of the UNDP / GEF / Ministry of Natural Resources of Russia and WWF Russia.
Daursky NR is located in the south of Zabaikalsky province, at the junction of Russia, Mongolia and China. It was created on December 25, 1987 to preserve and study the unique wetland, steppe and forest ecosystems of Dauria. Mongolian gazelle and relict gull live on its territory, as well as other rare species like swan goose, great bustard, white-naped crane, marmot.
The initial project (July 1986) assumed that the reserve would be a single site located on an area of about 200 thousand hectares, including the water area of the Torey Lakes and adjacent steppe territories. However, during the process of creation, the area was reduced to 44,752 hectares. The reserve was formed on 5 cluster plots, 4 of which have an area of less than 1,000 hectares and are surrounded by agricultural land used for grazing and hayfields. In 1992, in the process of preparing for the formation of the international Russian-Mongolian-Chinese protected area "Dauria", the reserve received 3 more small fragmented sites with a total area of 1,038 hectares on Adon-Chelon rocky massif. More than 75% of the area of the reserve was the Barun-Torey lake water area.
In accordance with the Ramsar Convention, Daursky Nature Reserve is a wetland of international importance as part of the Torey Lakes wetlands, a key ornithological territory in Asia, a key crane area, it is a part of the UNESCO World Biosphere Reserves Network, and in 2017 is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List as part of the Russian-Mongolian site “Landscapes of Dauria”.
Moreover, the reserve is part of the only trilateral Russian-Mongolian-Chinese transboundary reserve “Dauria” in Asia.Most of the newly included sites are adjacent to the main territory of the reserve, combining small clusters into single areas. The exception is two small areas in the valley of the Borzya River is a breeding site for white-naped cranes. The Adon-Chelon has become a single large cluster. An extensive steppe massif with a total area of more than 15,000 hectares, which united two clusters of the reserve, appeared near the northeastern coast of Zun-Torey Lake.