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Премия рунета 2017

Three tiger cubs born from Svetlaya and Boris in Evreiskaya Province

08 december 2017
Amur tiger field monitoring held in Evreiskaya Province brought good news. The experts managed to figure out the number of tiger cubs born from tigress Svetlaya and tiger Boris that roam the Zhuravliny Wildlife Refuge, as well as to estimate the exact minimum number of Amur tigers in the Province.

In 2013 the survey revealed only one tiger inhabiting the Bastak Nature Reserve, while in 2017 their number has increased up to 11 individuals. Four of them are the tigers released in Evreiskaya Province after the course of rehabilitation, and the other five are the cubs born from the rehabilitated tigers! This practically makes 2% of the whole wild tiger population. However, taking into account often visits of tigers from Khabarovsky Province the number might be even higher.

According to Alexei Kostyria, senior coordinator of the Rare Species Conservation Unit of WWF Russia Amur branch, “This information shows that the tiger group in Evreiskaya Province is becoming stable. In this connection the creation of Pompeevsky National Park is vitally important for these tigers conservation. Collecting field materials and patrolling the areas of tiger release is one of WWF Russia priorities in this region.”
Three tiger cubs born from Svetlaya and Boris
PRINCO "Tiger Center"

As the experts assumed, tiger cubs are about one year old. They are cheerful and happy! They copy the habits of their mother sniffing the marking trees after her. It’s hard to determine the gender of cubs yet, but it was possible to examine the stripes and to see a very familiar pattern: one of the kittens has an unstriped side just like tiger Boris, their Dad, has! Happy father of the family, who was also recorded by camera traps, is looking great as always.

The news that tigress Svetlaya became a mother appeared in May 2017. However, the exact number of tiger cubs remained unknown. New photo and video from camera traps were received in the course of tiger monitoring in Zhuravliny Wildlife Refuge. Svetlaya returned to her previous site where she was not registered from spring to autumn, and made a round with her three grown up cubs!

The remoteness and sparse population of the territory is a key factor for the wild animals wellbeing. That is the reason of successful Amur tiger reintroduction in Evreiskaya Province.  As many predators, tigers are strongly dependent on movements of hoofed animals. They usually have winter and summer hunting sites. The camera traps were set in the winter site (taking into account the tracks on the snow) so that is why the experts could not find Svetlaya on camera traps for a long time. When winter comes the tigress returned to her winter hunting site and demonstrated her cubs. 

According to Alexei Feoktistov, head of the Wildlife Management Department of Evreiskaya Province, “The experiment on tiger reintroduction in Evreiskaya Province has been implemented successfully. For the first time after a 50 year break the province became “a tiger region” again. The fact that tigers got accustomed to this area and delivered cubs demonstrated a very good condition of the environment in the region. Tiger is an indicator of environmental stability and we are happy about that!”

According to Alexei Feoktistov, in the course of tiger monitoring, rangers actively use camera traps. Each tiger site is under supervision of certain people and patrolling of the territory is regularly organized. In order to form friendly and conflict free attitude of humans towards tigers the schools of Birobidzhan city conduct ecological classes, as well as raise awareness among local people, the Tiger Day is celebrated in the region since 2015.

These activities are being done by Primorskii regional non-commercial organization «The Center for rehabilitation and reintroduction of tigers and other rare animals» (PRINCO “Tiger Center”), autonomous non-commercial organization “Amur Tiger Center” with the support of Evreiskaya Province Wildlife Management Department and WWF Russia.

Photo copyrights are PRINCO “Tiger Center”

For additional information please contact
Senior Project Coordinator