How to increase efficiency and decrease seabird by-catch
“There are two major problems of the longliners, - the head of ornithology lab of Kamchatka branch of Pacific Institute of Geography Yury Artyukhin assumes. – On the one hand, there is an economic conflict: birds take a bite off the hook and decrease profitability. On the other hand, birds usually die afterwards, which leads to a conservation problem”.
A joint project of Longline Fishery Association and WWF-Russia is aimed to struggle both these problems, and satisfy fishermen and ecologists. The main part of the project is devoted to seminars and workshops, during which fishermen learn about deterrent devices, such as streamer-lines, or streamers.
Streamers using gives huge advantage to fishermen, because even one streamer-line can keep the major part of the birds, which usually follow a fishing vessel in the open sea, off the bite. Thus, a vessels needs less time to catch fixed amount of fish.
However, vessel crews are quite volatile. New crew members have to spend some time learning how to use streamers correctly. That’s why these kind of workshops turn out to be very helpful.
Two workshops of the same kind took place in Petropavlovsk earlier this year. The seminar in Vladivostok this time gathered about 40 participants from different local fishing companies. But it still is just the beginning of long work, because longliner keep coming and going mostly all year round. And every three month there are new fishermen to learn about the means of seabird by-catch reduction.