A Far Eastern leopard census was launched on 14-16 February in southwest Primorsky Province
It is an interesting fact that before 1970s this cautious rare predator was not an object of attention for zoologists. Materials about the leopard were collected not intentionally, but in the course of ungulate and predator (tiger, bear) monitoring in the southwest Primorsky Province which started in the beginning of ‘60s.
40 years ago during the first leopard census the subpopulation of this rare cat in southwest Primorye was estimated at 25-30 individuals, and when other subpopulations existing at that time range (in the Pogranichny district and in southern Sikhote-Alin Mountains), numbered 38-46 individuals. However, after 11 years the next census (1983-1984) showed that while the numbers of the number of leopards in southwest Primorye remained the same, the other two subpopulations had disappeared.
The Far Eastern leopard is the most northern of the nine remaining subspecies of Pantera pardus. As a subspecies on the edge of extinction it is included in the Red Data Books of the Russian Federation and IUCN.