Scientists discovered a rare forest community and species, unique for Kamchatka in Milkovsky district
The basis of the ecosystem of the Nikolka mountain group consists of fragments of almost untouched nature that remained the same since the Pleistocene, scientists say. Several years ago, researchers came up with the initiative to create a botanical reserve in the area. The idea was supported at the regional administration level. Now a group of scientists who specialize in different fields of study is preparing scientific rationale, based on the results of their own field studies and literature data.
Researches from Kamchatka invited their colleagues from St. Petersburg and Greifswald (Germany), who study myxomycetes, to join the expedition. Myxomycetes are fungi-like organisms that are positioned between plants and animals in the modern classification of species. For several days of work, the researchers found 950 specimens of myxomycetes claiming an extraordinary abundance of these organisms around Nikolka mountain.
Among the large number of rare and protected species of lichens found in the spruce forests of Nikolka, Erioderma Pedicellatum occupies a special place. Its presence is an indicator of the old age forest communities. Kamchatka is the fourth place on Earth and the only one in the Asian region where its presence has been confirmed.
Scientists confirmed the presence of Anemone Udensis in Kamchatka. As previously thought, the range of this species was limited to Northeast China, Primorye, and the Khabarovsk Region.
Aside from its scientific value, the Nikolka mountain ecosystem can become a popular area for ecotourism.