The Arctic requires an active adaptation to climate change
The main subject of the forum was the establishment of the support zones and of the new technologies to explore the Arctic. The Heads of all the Northern regions of Russia confirmed their desire to participate in the process. Moreover it has been mentioned frequently that the negative effects of climate change in the Arctic are very strong and need to be considered during the life planning. The problems of the permafrost, in particular, in Yakutia were also presented.
On a special section of the forum devoted to the climate change the scientists from three leading scientific institutions of Russia (Main Geophysical Observatory, Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute and State Hydrological Institute) emphasized that there is a consensus among climatologists about the presence of a strong anthropogenic trend. It was noted that the climate change in the Arctic is much stronger than in the rest of the world. There are also positive effects but they are fewer and weaker than the negative ones that are particularly related to the permafrost and to the impact on the fragile Northern ecosystems. It has been shown that there are cyclic processes in the Arctic, but in the decadal time scale they are weaker than the anthropogenous trend.
The forum participants discussed the need to elaborate the mesures for adaptation to climate change, including the establishment of the support zones.
The biggest concerns of the participants were raised by the polling data showing that people living in the Arctic have a poor understanding of the nature and of the causes of the climate change.