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Nut zones of Khakasia under threat

17 october 2019
WWF discovered the violations of sanitary clear cutting of forest in Tashtipsky region

The violations were discovered by WWF experts in September-October 2019 during the independent expertise of sanitary cutting of forest in Tashtipsky region of the Republic of Khakasia.

The joint commission of experts of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Republic of Khakassia, local people and forest pathologists and Nikita Debkov, WWF expert, the Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Senior Scientist in the Laboratory of Monitoring of Climatic and Ecological Systems of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, searched the forest in Maturskoye forestry in Tashtipsky region of the Republic of Khakasia. 

The field examination of the legality of sanitary clear cutting
(c) WWF / Nikita Debkov
“We completed the field expertise of the planned and implemented forest clear cutting, checked the forest pathologist acts that define whether the forest has to be cleared or not. The expertise revealed that the forest pathologist acts contained the incorrect information such as wrong breeds of wood. For example, the document stated larch but the area had cedar instead. Considering the actual condition of forest, we don’t’ recommend sanitary clear cutting here. The amount of forest already harvested exceeded the permitted amount twice. The regulations for sanitary clear cutting were violated as the area where the forest had been harvested had the forest residues including raw wood that could encourage pests”, says Nikita Debkov, WWF expert.

The forest area where the experts made expertise had been approved for sanitary clear cutting in 2008. According to forest pathologists’ research the forest had pests and forest diseases such as sawyer beetle larvae Monochamus urussovi). The forestry started sanitary cutting but the local people noticed that two of five forest areas had violations. For example, the healthy forest was harvested or the amount of harvest was too big.

“Talai-sug”, the community of indigenous people in Tashtipsky district of Khakasia requested WWF-Russia for help and assistance in July of 2019. The people reported on the mass cutting of cedar on the area of traditional resource use of the community.

For the last several years WWF-Russia has been implementing the independent expertise of sanitary clear cutting in Siberia within the framework of WWF- IKEA Partnership on Forests. In 2018 and 2019 WWF experts revealed the violations while implementing sanitary logging in Irkutsk region.  

Local NGOs and people got the possibility to implement forest sanitation monitoring in 2016 when the Government of the Russian Federation approved the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No.1158 “On approval of the Provision on control over the accuracy of information on the sanitary and forest pathology condition of forests and feasibility of activities foreseen by forest pathology research protocols, approved by the state authority bodies of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, exercising the forest relations regulation power given by the Russian Federation” dated 12.11.2016.

Expertise in Khakasia
(c) WWF / Nikita Debkov
“In Khakasia not only the regulations of sanitary clear cutting were violated the forest was also harvested in nut zones where any harvesting had been forbidden in 2019 by the federal law № 140177-7. So the public monitoring of sanitary cutting in Russia is one of the effective tool to control such violations. WWF hopes that the harvesting of cedar forest will soon be effective”, says Anna Kirillova, WWF-Russia forest coordinator in Altai-Sayan Ecoregion.

Today there of fibe fprested are in Tashtipsky District have not been cut yet. The regional Minitsry banned any logging before the case is solved. The interested parties planned to meet to discuss the expertise results that proved the violations.

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