KEDR system got support of Federal Forestry Agency of Russia
On June 3, 2016, the Federal Forestry Agency of the Russian Federation held a meeting “On performing of KEDR satellite forest monitoring system”, which is introduced into service in Primorsky and Khabarovsky provinces since 2015 by the initiative of WWF, with support of the Ministry for Development of the Russian Far East and the administration of President in the Far Eastern Federal District.
At the meeting it was noted that the system is aimed to solve the problems of real time detection and revealing the violations in forestry legislation including illegal logging.
Field tests conducted in four forestry units in Khabarovsky and Primorsky provinces demonstrated a high efficiency of identification changes in forest canopy – minimum revealed area in forest canopy change comprised 8x8 meters (0,0064 hectares). The percentage of detection of individual trees cutting and for low intensity harvesting comes to 70-85%, for identification intense logging - 100%.
It’s definitely not enough to just detect changes in forest canopy - it is necessary to work out a scheme of timely check up of the site to confirm the fact of a violation of forest legislation. Moreover, it is necessary to develop a scheme of legal changes registration: such as reforestation activities, legal logging operations within and outside the forest fund.
The meeting was attended by the heads and experts representing the administration of President in the Far Eastern Federal District, Federal Forestry Agency, Government of Khabarovsky Province, Forestry Department of Primorsky Province, Forestry Department of the Far Eastern Federal District, subordinate agencies of Rosleskhoz – Far Eastern Forestry Institute, Russian Research Institute for Sylviculture and Mechanization of Forestry, Forest Inventory Department (Roslesinforg), Dallesproject, Russian Academy of Sciences – Center on Environmental Problems and Forest Productivity, Forest Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, project organizations and WWF-Russia.
As it was mentioned at the meeting, the results of KEDR system field tests held in 2015 in Korean pine broadleaved forests on the territory of four forestry units in Khabarovsky and Primorsky provinces deserve a positive assessment taking in account further adaptation, including automatic registration of changes using various satellite systems. It was decided to continue further testing of the system in different vegetation conditions, for instance in Irkutskaya and Krasnoyarsky provinces.
“There is a need in a system developed for detailed remote monitoring for forest changes with the use of satellite data. This system can be useful as a tool for combating illegal logging, which is of a special attention to Federal Forestry Agency. However, it should be kept in mind that, apart from development of technical things, it is necessary to develop a feasibility study for system operation, to determine the possibility of operative data processing, it is necessary to study the issue of system integration into forest management information system of remote monitoring of the Federal Forestry Agency” - said Nikolay Krotov, deputy head of the Federal Forestry Agency.
“Illegal logging as well as monitoring of forest fund status is a very important issue which requires focused attention of modern forest management, - comments Evgeny Shvarts, PhD, director of conservation policy at WWF-Russia. – KEDR system as a new and reliable tool in forest management should solve the most serious issue of illegal logging, and I hope, in the future it will greatly contribute into increase data reliability and improvement of forest management system in Russia.”
“Positive assessment received at the meeting in Rosleskhoz will promote KEDR system development and forestry informatization in general, - said Dmitry Sychikov, senior coordinator of forest projects at WWF-Russia Amur branch, directly involved in system testing. - Now we are close to solving the problem of illegal logging in the model regions, and it is important that the decision was made to continue testing KEDR in the forests of Siberia. We also plan to develop KEDR system coordination with law enforcement authorities in the future.”