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Премия рунета 2017

A new field guide of seabirds will be helpful for fishermen and s

15 september 2015
The book was published by WWF in partnership with the Kamchatka branch of Pacific Institute of Geography.

“Seabirds in the Russian Far East Deep-Sea Demersal Longline Fishery” was written primarily for use by observers and fishermen at sea. But the field guide can be used generally by a wide audience from schoolchildren and students, to environmental managers and scientists.

The main part of the book is devoted to the detailed description of more than 20 seabirds, which inhabit the North Pacific region.  Every article includes Russian common names and scientific names of the species, identification characteristics, geographic distribution in the region, habitat and features of behavior.

The author of the book, Yury Artukhin, is a famous Kamchatka ornithologist, Candidate of biological Sciences (PhD equivalent), the head of a laboratory of ornithology at the Kamchatka branch of Pacific Institute of Geography. In his new book, Yury Artukhin goes beyond formal descriptions of birds; he also discusses the problem of seabird bycatch during deep-sea demersal longline operations in Russia’s Far East Fisheries Basin, and gives technical recommendations about the manufacturing and operation of streamer lines as the most effective bird mitigation device for middle tonnage vessels.

The problem of seabird bycatch during longline fishery operations is an important one, especially in connection to the poor condition of the short-tailed albatross population. At the turn of XX century Japanese feather collectors were so active in killing short-tailed albatrosses that at one point scientists considered this species to be completely extinct. Luckily, a tiny population of several pairs managed to survive on Torishima Island. That group of birds became the basis of the species' resurrection. However, there are approximately 3,400 short-tailed albatrosses now in the world, which is only 1% of its historical level. Any new information on the short-tailed albatrosses seen around the peninsula is extremely valuable for scientists. Using this field guide any untrained citizen is able to identify this rare species among other inhabitants of the North Pacific.

 

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