Fishery protected areas may appear in Russia in the near future
Since 2004, Russian legislation warranted the possibility of creating fishery protected areas. However, by-laws that would stipulate mechanisms for creating such preserves did not exist for a long time. An effort to close this legal gap was made in 2016 with the approval of the rules for the establishment of the RFA and the list of activities prohibited or restricted in their water area.
However, not a single RFA in Russia has yet been established - the lack of a standard passport of the protected area and the rules for its creation prevented it. The order of the Minister of Agriculture, registered by the Ministry of Justice on May 13, 2020, is designed to bridge existing legal gaps.
In Kamchatka, the focus of environmentalists is the Opala River Basin and the West Kamchatka Shelf. These areas, each in its own way, play a key role in the reproduction of the marine resources of the Sea of Okhotsk. The establishing of the RFA on these water areas may become a precedent for the creation of similar preserves in other areas where the interests of the fishery are at risk.
Environmentalists consider promising the creation of a RFA in the Amur estuary. The protected area would guarantee the preservation of feeding and migration sites of Kaluga, Amur sturgeon and Pacific salmon in the conditions of industry and infrastructure development.