Nests of white cranes are under protection
Government of the Russian Federation approved the creation of the Kytalyk national park with an area of 1,885,554 hectares in the Allaikhovsky district of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). WWF Russia has been working on the design of this area for several years, since most of the white cranes living on Earth nest on these pristine territories.
Siberian Crane, or White Crane (Yakut name for White Crane - “Kytalyk”) is in the IUCN Red List with status of an endangered species. The future of the species that breed only in the tundra zone in the north of Yakutia depends on the conservation of its East Siberian population, which has about 4 thousand birds. The created national park will guarantee the conservation of this nesting group.
Part of these territories was placed under protection back in the 90s, but this was not enough. There was no economic activity, except the traditional nature management of the indigenous peoples of the North. Threre were no full-time inspectors and a higher conservation status was needed. Now the situation will change - the status of the national park will allow creating an effective ranger service and protecting nesting sites from economic development and disturbance.
273 species of vascular plants grow on the territory of the national park, including rare ones - Rhodiola rosea, Belozor Kotzebue, Pennell’s pewter, shaggy bloat. There are 21 species of mammals and 91 species of birds were recorded on the territory of the national park. Here are nesting sites for white crane, white-billed loon, piscule, small swan, Baikal teal, gyrfalcon, peregrine falcon, and places of mass molting of waterfowl. In addition, you can meet wolf, arctic fox, wolverine, muskrat, wild reindeer, elk, sable, ermine, weasel, brown bear, as well as a musk ox red-listed in Yakutia.
In order to maintain the traditional lifestyle of the local population on the territory of the national park, an area of traditional extensive nature management will be allocated. At the same time, fishing areas for industrial fishing, formed on the territory of the Allaikhovsky district, are excluded from the borders of the designed national park “Kytalyk”.
WWF Russia expresses its sincere gratitude to the Government of Yakutia and personally to the Head of the Directorate of Bioresources and Protected Areas of Yakutia Yakov Sivtsev for their active participation and personal involvement in the project. WWF-Russia supported the creation of a national park within the project “Zapovednaya Arktika which is implemented which the support of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, and Nuclear Safety (BMU).
The next step in the conservation of the unique nature of Kytalyk could be the assignment of UNESCO World Heritage status to this territory.