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Премия рунета 2017

ILE-BALKHASH: THE TIGER IS GETTING CLOSER

27 may 2019
Last week, the experts estimated the suitability of the Pribalkhashskiy section of Ile-Balkhash reserve for subsequent introduction of tigers. The study conducted by the specialists from WWF Russia under the guidance of the Chief Coordinator of the Endangered Species Department in the Amur Branch of WWF Russia, Candidate of Biological Sciences Aleksey Kostyrya is a part of the program aimed to reintroduce tigers in Kazakhstan.

During the week, the experts were not only to estimate the landscapes but also to confirm or correct the programs for restoration of forests, feeding and introduction of hoofed animals. Another task was to develop the preliminary training plan for the specialists who will form the "Conflictual Tiger" group. Particular attention was given to discussion of construction of the future enclosures where tigers will be kept before being released in the wild.

Summing up the week, Aleksey Kostyrya said,

"Reeds, thickets of tamarisk, and saxaul forests will be a good habitat for tigers if there is enough food. Nevertheless, the primary concern of WWF now is to increase the density of riparian forests for hoofed animals; otherwise, they will not have enough food in the winter. I was very happy to learn about the boar population as the boar is the main object for the tiger’s prey. I am sure in the next 3–4 years the specialists of Ile-Balkhash supported by WWF reserve will prepare the territory for reintroduction."  

Photo by: (c) Grigoriy Mazmanyants/WWF Russia

Following the forest reconstruction project, the specialists of the Ile-Balkhash reserve are constructing a greenhouse to grow the Asiatic poplar. In the fall and spring, they have already planted silverberries and willows as a part of the test program. The winter monitoring revealed that in the suitable areas of Pribalkhashskiy section of Ile-Balkhash reserve there are about five boars and one roe deer per 1,000 ha. To increase their populations, the specialists open the first nine winter feeding grounds where boars and deer were given corn and barley.

Now, the specialists are preparing to release the first Bactrian deer that have been brought from the Syrdarya-Turkestanskiy State Regional Nature Park in the winter. When the fawns are born, the deer will be released into the wild: young parents with growers will not go far, which means they will stay in the areas they will have been released to. Restoration and augmentation of the population of hoofed animals are one of the most important clauses in the Program for Reintroduction of Tigers in Kazakhstan carried over with the support of the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) in Balkhashskiy district of Almaty Region in Kazakhstan.

Photo in the caption and in the announcement: (c) Grigoriy Mazmanyants/WWF Russia

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