Conservation of biodiversity in the Russian Federation
Conservation of biodiversity in the Russian Federation. 5th national report
Since the presentation of the 4th National Report, the significance of the biodiversity and ecosystem services to the Russian population has hardly changed. Russia's nominal GDP in 2013 was 66.7 trillion rubles. The share of industries that rely on biological products, biodiversity resources and natural ecosystems was about 4% in gross value added, with agriculture, hunting and forestry accounting for 3.8% and fishing and fish farming accounting for 0.2%. For comparison, extraction of resources, which is usually harmful to natural ecosystems, comprised 10.9% of the gross value added.