The map of the Biomes of Russia
The Biomes of Russia - Faculty of Geography Lomonosov Moscow State University, Russian Geographical Society, WWF-Russia. 2018
The map of "The Biomes of Russia" is the result of many years of joint work of botanists and zoologists of the Department of Biogeography in various areas and cartographic support of the extensive problem of the "Geography of biodiversity".
The Biomes of Russia map illustrates the patterns of spatial differentiation of biotic cover of Russia, determined by indicators characterizing the flora and fauna of the country. The map is based on the biome concept (Walter, Bruce, 1980) and the idea of the geographical dimension of geosystems (Sochava, 1978). A biome is a large zonal ecosystem that combines a number of interconnected, smaller ecosystems, and which reflects the interaction of regional biota with climate and landscape structure. A biome’s biotic components evolve in relationship with, and dependent on, its abiotic components. Biomes reflect the ecological potential of a territory more fully than their separate components.
The map of zonal biomes (zonobiomes) and mountain biomes (first order orobiomes) is represented by the ecosystems of the regional dimension within the zones on the plains, and in accordance with the types of altitudinal zonation in the mountains, respectively. For most of the biomes, geographical variations were highlighted: for plain these were considered underzones, and for orobiomes they were considered in accordance with the variants of altitudinal belt spectra. Characteristics of regional biomes and geographic options include bioclimatic indicators shown on climate charts and the ecological structure of the biotic cover with a quantitative assessment of biological diversity for the main groups of terrestrial organisms.
Quantitative assessment of plant species aims to give a general (comparative) idea of the modern floristic richness of biomes. It is given for vascular plants (with regard to two indicators), mosses, lichens, as well as for terrestrial vertebrates: mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians..
Second edition. For higher education institutions