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National protected areas of the Russian Federation: GAP analysis and perspective framework
Премия рунета 2017

National protected areas of the Russian Federation: GAP analysis and perspective framework

National protected areas of the Russian Federation: GAP analysis and perspective framework

National protected areas of the Russian Federation: GAP analysis and perspective framework / Vladimir Krever, Mikhail Stishov, Irina Onufrenya. WWF-Russia, The Nature Conservancy, MAVA. Moscow, 2009. - 80 pages

Russia currently has more than 12,000 national, regional, and local protected areas, covering 200 million hectares or 11.9 percent of the country. In this report WWF recommends a framework for determining appropriate protected area categories and management levels. We analyzed the PA network to determine whether formal categories reflect actual protected regimes. Using GIS data, we analyzed the geographical representativeness of the existing PA network relative to the landscapes, vegetation cover, WWF Ecoregions, diversity of climate types.

In addition to the terrestrial gap analysis, we also analyzed the representativeness of marine protected areas. The existing PA networks of Ramsar sites, Important Bird Areas, High Conservation Value Forests and etc are analyzed.

We assessed representativeness and coverage of the PA network for vascular plants, lichens, and vertebrate animals. For other groups, we had to limit the analysis to species included in the Red Data Book of Russia.

Based on the results of the gap analysis, proposals for expanding the national PA network in the Russian Federation are elaborated. Expansion of the protected areas network is meant to improve its representativeness in terms of biodiversity values, to ensure adequate conservation of rare and endangered species and other natural features, and to allow development of recreational opportunities. We describe criteria and key principles used in formulating the perspective framework.

The complete gap analysis resulted in identification of 566 marine and terrestrial areas requiring PA designation, including 519 terrestrial and combined terrestrial and marine areas covering 122 million hectares, and 47 marine areas covering 61 million hectares.

Was published — april 2008