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Премия рунета 2017

Strategy in more detail

The strategy of WWF-Russia’s Climate and Energy programme focuses on the reduction of global emissions of CO2 and other greenhouse gases and on providing timely assistance to ecosystems in their adaptation to changing climate.

In addition to the efforts made by other organizations, action taken by WWF resulted in the ratification by Russia of the Kyoto Protocol, which until recently was the key mechanism for international climate cooperation. Now it is replaced with the new Paris Agreement adopted in late 2015. This Agreement is fully in line with the global low-carbon development trend and drastically intensifies adaptation measures.

In Russia, reduction of greenhouse gas emissions is directly related to the national energy strategy, and specifically, to whether we are planning to prioritize coal / natural gas or renewable energy use. WWF is taking part in the development of green energy scenarios that encourage the technological modernization of our country. The results show, that halving global GHG emissions by 2050, as recommended by scientists, is a realistic target for Russia; moreover, by the middle of the century Russia could even accomplish the transition to carbon dioxide-free energy, but this would require a substantial joint effort by all stakeholders, from the government and large companies to municipalities and homeowners.

Without a clear understanding of prospective loss, it is nearly impossible to convince the government and the business that the pressure to cut emissions is increasing, and that it is the lesser of two evils.

Therefore, the other side of the ‘climate coin’ is about timely assessing climate risks and adapting to the new climate realities, particularly in the Arctic, Russian Far East, in the south, and in the mountains. This relates to virtually all spheres of life: housing, transport infrastructure, nature protection, and human health. Since WWF’s mission is to conserve nature, we are mostly concentrating on nature protection; however, human living environment and regional green development in the new economic conditions are also in the focus, for there is a need for a comprehensive approach.

WWF has accomplished a unique project to address climate risks for Vaigach island. It is a relatively small territory, but the project can be replicated on a much larger scale. For the Arctic, WWF has developed an approach to climate change adaptation with a focus on the protection of polar life ‘centers’ and the greatest biodiversity.

‘Climate’ is a new anthropogenic ‘pressure’ on the nature, but it is not the only one. Other factors include poaching, irrational use, and irresponsibility. The effects of climate change should be taken into account while planning nature protection and investment projects in Russia. As anthropogenic impacts increase, hazardous hydrometeorological events in Russia have already doubled in number compared to some 15–20 years ago. Research published between 2014 and 2017, namely the Fifth Assessment Report of the International Panel on Climate Change and reports and projections by Roshydromet, demonstrate, that this trend will be increasing in the coming decades and may result in a substantial damage, unless the antropogenic impact is reduced, i.e. unless we switch to the ‘green’ energy and economy.

WWF is conducting an active information campaign to raise the awareness about the climate change problem and to enhance the implementation of practical measures. For this reason the number of Russians who realize the threats and are prepared to take more aggressive action is steadily growing.