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Премия рунета 2017

Everything about the creation of the Dvinsky reserve

The forest landscape between Northern Pinega and Dvina rivers in the Arkhangelsk region is one of the largest intact forest landscapes (IFL) in Europe and Russia. This is the paragon of the wild Northern taiga with an area of about 900 thousand hectares. It is difficult to overestimate the importance of these forests in ensuring the quality of the environment. They play a critical role in climate regulation and air purifying, reduce the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, protect against floods and soil destruction, guard the sources of rivers and lakes.

These forests have a highly diverse flora and fauna. You may find here such traditional inhabitants of the taiga as brown bear, wolf, lynx, wolverine, moose. There are many rare species listed in the Red book among them such as flying squirrel, erne, eagle-owl, osprey, white-tailed eagle. Dvinsky forest landscape is one of the last refuges for wild reindeer. Its population in the region is on the verge of extinction due to poaching and habitats destruction. Local purest rivers are full of salmon in its spawning time

Local people actively use non-timber forest products going hunting, fishing, mushrooms, berries and medicinal plants picking.

At the same time most timber companies of the Arkhangelsk region operates in Dvinsky forest landscape. Almost all the territory of the landscape has been leased for logging by these companies. The extensive model of forest management based on the logging of naturally grown trees has led to depletion of forest resources in the region and Dvinsky forest landscape degradation. Now the most part of the intact pine-woods of the region have been logged, and the last areas of intact taiga are continually destroyed by logging.

WWF considers the most valuable part of the Dvinsky forest landscape — Yula river basin, to be conserved by creating a reserve. Otherwise these forests will be completely deforested within 15 — 20 years. It’s impossible to recreate this intact taiga. So we have to defend it now.